Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
Ulcerative Colitis (Colitis)


Ulcerative colitis or colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and occurs when the inner lining of the large intestines become inflamed. Inflammation can occur anywhere in the large bowel, from the colon to the rectum, however, the colon is the most commonly affected area. Ulcers may form when inflammation is severe.

A person may not experience any symptoms when the disease is inactive, however when the disease is active also known as a flare up, the severity and longevity of the symptoms will vary between each person, and can range from mild to severe. Common symptoms include diarrhoea (sometimes with blood or mucus), pain in the abdomen, weight loss, and frequently going to the toilet.      

Ulcerative colitis is diagnosed by taking a range of tests including blood tests, faecal (bowel motion) examination, x-rays, colonoscopy and gastroscopy, computed tomography (CT) scanning, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound.


Nutritional strategies will be developed to help you manage your ulcerative colitis. Diet requirements vary when you experience flare ups or the disease is inactive, therefore a multi-phase approach to diet progression will be undertaken. During the assessment, an in depth analysis will be conducted, with a focus on your weight, blood test results, and diet history. An individualised plan will be developed, taking into account your lifestyle, culture and eating habits to ensure achievable goals.


Inflammatory Bowel Disease – Bowel Cancer Australia


Mahan, L., Stump, S., Raymond, J. & Krause, M. (2012). Krause's food & the nutrition care process. St. Louis, Mo: Elsevier/Saunders