Diabetes: Pre-Diabetes
(Impaired Glucose Tolerance – IGT & Impaired Fasting Glucose - IFG)

WHAT IS Pre-Diabetes?

Pre-diabetes is a condition when the blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not diagnosed as diabetes. There are two main types of pre-diabetes, Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT) and Impaired Fasting Glucose (IFG).

Some risk factors for developing pre-diabetes include being overweight, smoking, inactive lifestyle, and family history. If not treated or diagnosed correctly there is an increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes and heart disease (cardiovascular disease).

Pre-diabetes is diagnosed by taking a blood test, looking specifically at your blood glucose levels.


Nutritional strategies will be developed to reduce your risk or prevent the development of Type 2 diabetes by losing weight and making improvements to your lifestyle. During the assessment, an in depth analysis will be conducted, with a focus on your diet history. An individualised plan will be developed, taking into account your lifestyle, culture and eating habits to ensure achievable goals.


Diabetes NSW & ACT
National Diabetes Services Scheme (NDSS)


Crowe, T., Smith, D., Walsh, A., Whitney, E. & Rolfes, S. (2014). Understanding nutrition: Australian and New Zealand. South Melbourne, Vic: Cengage Learning.
Mahan, L., Stump, S., Raymond, J. & Krause, M. (2012). Krause's food & the nutrition care process. St. Louis, Mo: Elsevier/Saunders.