Diabetes: Gestational Diabetes


During pregnancy, some women may be diagnosed with gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes occurs when the body does not respond properly to the hormone insulin (insulin resistance). This is due to hormones made by the placenta for the growth and development of the baby affecting the blood glucose levels in the body.

Women who are at a higher risk of developing gestational diabetes include being overweight, age of 30 years or above, family history of type 2 diabetes, previous history of gestational diabetes, and certain ethnic groups (Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders, Indian, Chinese, Vietnamese, Middle Eastern, and Polynesian).

Symptoms may not be noticed, but common symptoms include excessive thirst, passing more urine, tiredness, and thrush. Gestational diabetes should be managed properly to reduce any complications from occurring during and after pregnancy for you and your baby.

Gestational Diabetes is diagnosed by taking a Pregnancy Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (POGTT).


Nutritional strategies will be developed to help you manage your gestational diabetes, manage your pregnancy weight gain, and promote proper growth and development for your baby. During the assessment, an in depth analysis will be conducted, with a focus on your blood glucose levels, diet history, weight, and any diabetic medications. An individualised plan will be developed, taking into account your lifestyle, culture and eating habits to ensure achievable goals.


Gestational Diabetes – Diabetes Australia
Gestational Diabetes – National Diabetes Services Scheme (NDSS)


Crowe, T., Smith, D., Walsh, A., Whitney, E. & Rolfes, S. (2014). Understanding nutrition: Australian and New Zealand. South Melbourne, Vic: Cengage Learning.
Mahan, L., Stump, S., Raymond, J. & Krause, M. (2012). Krause's food & the nutrition care process. St. Louis, Mo: Elsevier/Saunders.